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Topic: Onderzoek naar effectief trainen met negatieve bekrachtiging

  1. #1
    Forum Meubilair Maaike's Avatar
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    Onderzoek naar effectief trainen met negatieve bekrachtiging

    Are we training our horses more than necessary?

    If you are repeatedly training your horse to do the same task every day, you could well be spending your time more productively. New research has found that
    horses have similar learning progress and remember a task just as well, when they are trained every three days, as when they are trained daily.


    Horse riders and trainers may decide how often to train their horses based on a gut feeling of how they believe the horse is responding when asked to
    perform a specific task. To test this assumption scientifically, a team of equine scientists from Germany and Australia have been studying how well horses
    remember a specific learning task when trained at different time intervals.


    Uta König von Borstel, head of the Animal Husbandry, Behaviour and Welfare section at the Justus-Liebig University of Giessen, Germany and her team of
    researchers set out to find the optimal time interval between training repetitions of a learning task and presented her findings at the 14
    th

    International Society of Equitation Science (ISES) conference in Rome today.

    The aim of the study was to assess the speed a horse learns novel tasks when trained at different time intervals using negative reinforcement and then
    compare the results. Negative reinforcement training, often referred to as ‘pressure-release’, involves the removal of pressure in
    order to increase the likelihood of a horse repeating the desired behaviour.


    While there is some scientific information available on the use of negative reinforcement training, little objective data currently exists regarding the
    optimal time interval between training sessions.

    The researchers trained 39 horses ranging in age from 2-24 years to perform three different, unfamiliar tasks. One group of 20 horses was trained once
    daily and the second group of 19 were trained once every third day. The horses were trained to lower the head on poll pressure (HL), back up from neck
    pressure (BU), and to step forward upon pressure at the fetlock (SF) using negative reinforcement.


    Training sessions lasted 1 min, allowing for 3-5 repetitions per task andsession. Training success was scored using a 6-point scale, with 0 being noresponse, 1
    being moving slightly (less than 1cm) using strong pressure and 6being the horse moving well using light pressure. The horses’ heart rate,behaviour and the time
    and pressure they needed to respond were also recorded.


    In all cases, the horses’ performance improved significantly during both training schedules. The researchers found that after two weeks the horses
    trained daily performed slightly better than those trained every third day. However, when comparing their performance at the end of week one and at the end
    of the 28-day study period, the horses showed no significant difference in the time or pressure required to respond for any of the tasks, or in their learning
    progress.


    Similarly, when comparing the learning progress of both groups after the same number of training sessions, there were no significant differences in
    performance.


    The results of the study suggest that horses do not forget what they have learned if they are trained every third day rather than daily. Allowing horses
    a break of two days between training sessions rather than training them daily not only results in similar learning progress, but is a more efficient use of the trainers’ and the horses’ time.


    Uta König von Borstel:

    “We would like to continue our research and investigate whether the horses could have similar learning outcomes with longer breaks between training.”


    “We plan to research how learning is affected if we train different tasks in between training sessions.”

    “While training every day is not necessarily a welfare concern, it is important to remember that the type of task trained is also relevant. If the horse is
    taught a strenuous physical task, they will need time out between training to allow their muscles to rest and repair.”


    Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift. That is why it is called the present (uit; Kung Fu Panda)

  2. #2
    Forum Meubilair whoopie's Avatar
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    Re: Onderzoek naar effectief trainen met negatieve bekrachtiging

    Dank je Maaike, interessant.
    Groetjes Janneke

    Gun jezelf
    Gun jezelf de liefde en het geluk
    Gun jezelf het geld dat je toekomt.
    Gun jezelf de kracht om van jezelf te houden





  3. #3

    Re: Onderzoek naar effectief trainen met negatieve bekrachtiging

    Goed om te lezen, thanks Maaike!

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